There is no wrong season to use a bass jig. It can be worked in the variety of places bass are holding, in cold water drop-offs or around weed beds in late summer. Jigs are just a great bait a lot of fishermen don't use because they've never taken a little time to learn to use one.
But most bites occur when a jig is falling, either on the initial cast, or after a little jigging by the angler. A good way to imagine how to retrieve a bass jig is to imagine a cat responding to a ball of string being twitched across the floor. Work the jig slowly, with anticipation, as if bass were actually a cat hiding behind your living room couch, waiting to pounce on the bait.
Don't cast and retrieve jigs quickly, as with other baits. Each cast should take a little while. The strength of bass jigs is in their ability to be twitched and hopped along slowly, tempting a bass into taking the bait.
Bass jigs are great for going into heavy brush, and coming out with a fish attached. Don't be afraid to cast into fearsome-looking places with a bass jig, and retrieve the bait slowly, alert for strikes. Bass jigs are surprisingly snag-proof. If you do get into trouble, try jiggling the bait free instead of attempting to jerk it loose. It's uncommon to get snagged for good with a bass jig.
Heavier line affects the rate of fall of a jig: light line makes a jig fall faster, heavier line slower. If you can still feel the action of a 1/8-ounce jig on a particular day, keep using it. Don't be intimidated by someone else using a monster bait with the idea that big bass only take big baits.
In tough situations like after cold fronts, in the winter, or during heavy angling pressure, a light jig will out-produce a heavier one.
The strike differs from the feel of when a bass hits a spinner or plug bait which is often unmistakably hard, and the line seldom zips away, like when a bass picks up a plastic worm. Set the hook with a quick snap of the wrist (it doesn't need to be a wild exercise of the entire body like on the fishing programs). Set the hook anytime you feel something odd on the line-usually it's a fish. After a little practice you'll recognize strikes as surely as when a bobber goes under.
Light jigs usually call for light pork rinds. The same goes for a dark jig, which usually gets a dark pork rind. Sometimes a local behavior trend will upset the cart and anglers will swear a strange light/dark combination is best right now, but stick to the old combination as a rule. If you have a dark blue jig, a black pork trailer might be appropriate.
Use a smaller trailer instead of a bigger one if you hope to get more bites. It seems bigger fish do like large trailers, but experiment for best results.
It's not wrong to skip adding a pork trailer altogether and to fish the bass jig just plain. Plain jigs will catch bass sometimes. But it's a little like baking a cake and not bothering to add icing-you're better off with something on it.
Plastic crawfish have become an increasingly popular trailer for jigs. The plastic claws stand up when the jig is resting on the bottom, since the crawfish is hooked onto the jig by the tail, and it adds a great appeal for jigs. Pick a small size for these trailers also, and follow the same color combination guide lines for pork frogs.
Water clarity and waves also affect the amount of sunlight bass receive. Consider other factors besides clouds when picking out a color for your jig. For instance, a bright jig would be a good muddy-water choice, even on a cloudy day.
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